Predicting Industrial CO2 Emissions with Machine Learning

Local Chapter Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Chapter

Coordinated bySaudi Arabia ,

Status: Completed

Project Duration: 20 Jul 2023 - 14 Sep 2023

Open Source resources available from this project

Project background.

Industrial carbon emissions have become a significant environmental issue due to the large contribution of industrial processes to global emissions. The combustion of fossil fuels for energy generation, transportation, and manufacturing has resulted in the release of large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. These emissions have led to rising temperatures, changes in weather patterns, sea-level rise, and other environmental impacts that threaten the health and well-being of people and ecosystems worldwide. Therefore, reducing industrial carbon emissions has become a critical challenge that requires the development and implementation of effective policies and technologies. Addressing this problem is essential for mitigating the negative impacts of climate change and ensuring sustainable development.

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is essential for mitigating the negative impacts of climate change. Due to the significant role of industrial and factory processes in contributing to global carbon emissions, there has been increased interest in using machine learning (ML) techniques to predict and evaluate carbon emissions in various industries. The use of ML algorithms can help identify patterns and make predictions based on historical data, enabling decision-makers to develop effective policies and invest in technologies that promote sustainable development.

Furthermore, ML can help monitor and reduce energy consumption, develop more efficient energy systems, and reduce costs, promoting economic growth. Therefore, the use of machine learning for evaluating and predicting industrial and factory carbon emissions has become increasingly important for promoting sustainable practices, mitigating environmental damage, and ensuring long-term prosperity.

The problem.

Traditionally, measuring and monitoring industrial carbon emissions has required manual data collection and reliance on statistical models to predict emissions. This process is often time-consuming, expensive, and prone to errors since it’s difficult to collect large amounts of data accurately and consistently over time. Furthermore, statistical models can’t account for the complexity of industrial processes and may fail to detect emissions due to variations in activity levels, equipment performance, and atmospheric conditions.

However, by leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) to detect and monitor industrial carbon emissions, we can automate this process for greater efficiency, accuracy, and consistency over time. Machine learning algorithms can be trained on large amounts of historical data to identify patterns and anomalies. This allows companies and regulators to proactively detect issues and implement corrective actions before they escalate. By using AI for this purpose, we have the potential to significantly enhance our ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while promoting sustainable development.

Machine learning can also help companies monitor their energy consumption better while developing more efficient energy systems through data-driven decision-making. Therefore, using machine learning for measuring industrial carbon emissions has great potential in mitigating negative impacts of climate change while ensuring sustainable economic growth. Decision-makers can develop effective strategies for reducing emissions by identifying high carbon intensity areas while predicting future emissions based on current trends and patterns.

Project goals.

In this project, the Omdena Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Chapter will develop a deep learning model that predicts CO2 emission values from open-source global emission data. The ultimate goal is to understand contributing variables and create a recommendation system for decision-makers on how to forecast CO2 emissions and reduce environmental risks.  This 8-week project aims to: - Data Collection and Exploratory Data Analysis. - Preprocessing. - Feature Extraction & PCA. - Development & training of models that will be compared using evaluation metrics. - Evaluate Baseline & Experimental Models. - Publish a research presentation.

Project plan.

  • Week 1

    Allocating participants to data, research, modelling, evaluation and presentation teams and assigning sub task leaders

  • Week 2

    Omdena School Data Science tutorials, data source, data cleaning and annotation, and preprocessing, feature extraction

  • Week 3

    PCA, EDA, data science tutorials and begin presentation structure

  • Week 4

    Begin baseline modelling

  • Week 5

    Review baseline models, data science tutorials, model evaluation

  • Week 6

    Run multiple ML Models in parallel under supervision, data science tutorials

  • Week 7

    Recommender presentation and ML Models

  • Week 8

    Experimental models evaluation, finalize recommender system & presentation

Learning outcomes.

Data mining, regression models, analytics & prediction, CNN, research, model presentation

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