Managing Agricultural Risk in Ghana Using Machine Learning

Local Chapter Ghana Chapter

Coordinated byGhana ,

Status: Completed

Project Duration: 15 Jun 2023 - 28 Jul 2023

Open Source resources available from this project

Project background.

Ghana is a major agricultural producer, with agriculture accounting for approximately 20% of the country’s GDP and employing over half of the population. However, Ghanaian farmers face numerous challenges that limit their productivity and profitability, including crop diseases, irrigation challenges, and climate variability. These challenges are particularly acute for small-scale farmers who lack the resources and information needed to manage risks effectively.

The problem.

In Ghana, agricultural productivity is hindered by the challenges that farmers face related to crop diseases, irrigation, and climate variability. These challenges are exacerbated by the lack of information available to farmers regarding weather patterns, disease outbreaks, and effective crop management practices. As a result, Ghanaian farmers often suffer significant yield losses and financial losses, which can further perpetuate poverty and food insecurity in the country.

Project goals.

The goal of this project is to use machine learning models to analyze weather data and predict droughts or other weather events, as well as to identify patterns in crop diseases and recommend treatments. By doing so, we aim to provide farmers with the information they need to better manage risks and increase their productivity and profitability. Specifically, the project aims to achieve the following goals: 1.     Analyze historical data on crop diseases in Ghana and develop machine learning models that can identify patterns in disease outbreaks, as well as recommend effective treatments to farmers. 2.     Develop a user-friendly platform that can deliver weather and disease information to farmers in Ghana, along with recommendations for how to manage risks effectively. 3.     Curated dataset hosted in AWS or Google for open access.

Project plan.

  • Week 1

    Data collection and preprocessing:
    – Gather historical weather data from reliable sources and clean the dataset.
    – Collect and compile data on crop diseases, including disease prevalence, symptoms, and treatments.
    – Gather additional relevant data such as soil moisture levels, crop growth stages, and farming practices.

  • Week 2

    Model development for weather prediction:
    – Explore different machine learning algorithms suitable for weather prediction.
    – Train and validate the selected model using the historical weather dataset.
    – Optimize the model parameters for improved accuracy and reliability.
    – Develop a robust and scalable weather prediction model.

  • Week 3

    Model development for crop disease identification:
    – Analyze the crop disease dataset and identify relevant features for disease identification.
    – Select appropriate machine learning algorithms for disease identification and treatment recommendation.
    – Train and validate the model using historical crop disease data.
    – Fine-tune the model to improve disease identification accuracy and treatment recommendations.

  • Week 4

    Platform development:
    – Design and develop a user-friendly platform to deliver weather and disease information to farmers.
    – Integrate the weather prediction and crop disease identification models into the platform.
    – Implement a user interface that allows farmers to access the information easily.
    – Ensure the platform is accessible via various devices, such as mobile phones and computers.

  • Week 5

    Evaluation and refinement:
    – Deploy the platform to a pilot group of farmers and gather feedback on its usability and effectiveness.
    – Evaluate the impact of the platform on farmers’ productivity, profitability, and risk management capabilities.
    – Analyze the feedback and performance metrics to identify areas for improvement.
    – Refine the models and platform based on the feedback received and lessons learned from the pilot phase.

Learning outcomes.

Project management, machine learning, computer vision.

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