Supervised Machine Learning for Damage Assessment in Agriculture

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Nov 30, 2021
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Supervised Machine Learning for Damage Assessment in Agriculture

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Developing a Supervised Machine Learning prediction model to tackle farm pest challenges in agriculture. Including a personal story on overcoming impostor syndrome while working with Omdena AI changemakers from around the world.

Execution time: 0.0014 seconds

Execution time: 0.0002 seconds

The Project Problem Statement

The partner for this project is OKO, an agricultural insurance company that seeks to offer a product to farmers in the West African emerging markets with intentions of prompt payment of claims by use of mobile technology.

In this endeavor, OKO has faced pests as a challenge in farms they insure. One recent and noticeable one is the FAW. In large numbers, it has destroyed tones of plants that could feed thousands.

Armyworms are caterpillar pests of grass pastures and cereal crops, where they attack grains and feed on leaves. A very hungry caterpillar is rampaging through crops across the world, leaving a trail of destruction in its wake. The Fall ArmyWorm (FAW), also known as Spodoptera frugiperda (fruit destroyer), loves to eat corn but also plagues many other crops vital to human food security, such as rice and sorghum.

Further details about the challenge can be found at our OKO challenge and further, the article describes what steps followed to produce the output to meet the goal of the project that to assess the damage of Agricultural crops utilizing Machine Learning and Satellite imagery techniques.

Feature Importance Plot


Source: UN

Further to the task, he contributed to solving the remote sensing knowledge and eventually it contributed to the next progress that helped to come with the following solutions to this challenge.

Data Collection, Pre-processing and Modelling

After consuming lots of information about the nature of Fall ArmyWorms (FAW) and how to sense their damage on leaves via satellite images, I suggested a strategy to start off the project. Seemingly, the majority of the collaborators had a similar vision.

At first glance from his remote sensing knowledge, Landsat and Sentinel platforms came to mind. Because of their open-source policy. Even with this resourcefulness, came across some spells of reluctance and lethargy creeping on the thought that was enough about manipulating satellite imagery. This was not the case and had to get down to learn like everyone else.

The next phase came with some higher levels of confusion since the data was scarce and lacked proper annotations. So, we had to come up with a way around this. And to prove that a model could be developed with good data.

During the collection of image data from sentinel via Google Earth Engine I shared a QGIS technique to develop rectangle masks. The masks could be used to collect a standard size of image scenes for training models.

The technique was adapted and shout-out to Nandhini who adapted it to simplify the collection of the image scenes and from whom he could consult when he could face coding obstacles. This also suppressed his impostor syndrome with an aim to contribute more valued information.

During pre-processing and modeling where I interacted with other team members Ketut, Sagar, and Solomon Mulugheta so that they could understand the challenge more and brainstorm. Besides, I also learned proper coding patterns from code written by Ketut and Sagar which provided more insight to deliver my model.

With more interactions via meetings and code by other contributors, I could focus and contribute towards building a ‘prototype’ Resnet-50 based classification and area prediction model.

The model demonstrated promising results with the already limited collected data. Thus, the model required more data to ascertain if it will perform better. As part of the collaborators, we developed a collection pipeline that increased the quantity of the data. Therefore, there was a glamour of machine learning hope that the model will perform.

With the collected data, he proceeded with pre-processing the data, generating the vegetation indices, resizing the images and training the model. It didn’t turn out easy as there were challenges at every turn of pre-processing and training.

Challenges during the projects:

  • Limited computer resources (mostly RAM)
  • Large data set to be stored in single Google drive: so he spread the data in various drives during processing
  • Class imbalances

Above all, the major challenge was annotation as the data collected by FAO did not match the land cover on the ground. Some points occurred in urban areas instead of the agricultural land which was the focus of the project. If you are interested in learning more about overcoming data challenges in agricultural projects check out 7 Steps to Build a Quality Satellite Imagery Dataset for Agricultural Applications.

Resnet-50 Model

For its proven classification and recognition accuracy, I adapted Resnet50, a CNN model with 50 layers which are very crucial in learning and retaining features of images.

The model was built to classify 4 levels of damage due to FAW using already collected and labeled data and to predict the extent of damage from an image scene difference of vegetation indices.

A prototype model on a few Sentinel 2A sampled images achieved a classification accuracy of 47% and area prediction RMSE of 0.2699.

After the demonstration, he explored with the large data set and the accuracy was about 94% on classification and below 0.39 RMSE on predicting area. A point to note is that the accuracy is only promising. For the workable model, balanced data set is crucial.

A Resnet50 model strictly accepts an input of 3 channels. Thus, he reconfigured 3 vegetation indices (GCI, NDVI, and SAVI) to form a pseudo-image with 3 channels. Additionally, he configured the model to output class/level of infestation and area under damage. Below he shares preliminary results of the model.

Figure 01: Loss on Area Prediction Training

Figure 01: Loss on Area Prediction Training

Figure 02: RMSE on Area Prediction Training

Figure 02: RMSE on Area Prediction Training

Figure 03: Accuracy on Infestation Level Training

Figure 03: Accuracy on Infestation Level Training

Figure 04: Loss on Infestation Level Training

Figure 04: Loss on Infestation Level Training

Lessons and Key Takeaways

  • Doing projects gets one out of a comfort zone
  • Obstacles make one grow resilient
  • Consultation: a challenge shared is ¾ way solved

Overcoming the Imposter Syndrome

If not for the contribution of Omdena then I would not be giving this appraisal of my experience pre and post the Fall ArmyWorm (FAW) project. I stumbled upon Omdena and the associated content via connections on LinkedIn.

From that eureka moment I consumed everything, I could get about Omdena. I got to learn about the Omdena projects. And I pushed to acquire the necessary skills so that I could be considered in my applications. About 4 months in, some of the impostor syndromes had dissipated and I was a little more confident.

Therefore, I started applying furiously but my destined moment came in July when I was picked to join the OKO project.

Coming from a background with a blurry direction, this project was to be a beacon of hope in getting a mentor, a sense of direction and certainty of the field of data science and its relationship with engineering.

My background was based on novice patched rote-learning of several software technologies like PHP, C, C++, JavaScript, Java, HTML/CSS and Django python. Unfortunately,  I would not do much with the knowledge.

I joined a team of about 50 collaborators from different backgrounds and skills. From it, my impostor syndrome reduced since I got to learn that you don’t have to learn everything and with consultation, you can learn anything new.

The whole 2-month project was a mentorship session in itself as senior colleagues in software engineering, machine learning and previous Omdena projects were special and thoughtful guides. The project also streamlined my perspective of a complete project from start to end in negotiation, clear scoping of the project’s phases.”

Conclusions

Looking back, the two-month period was a time I grew confident in my skills to collaborate, find the best way to communicate with team members and time management to ensure delivery within the set time frame among others.

Using remote sensing satellite images is always a challenge, but I think the most challenging part of this project was assuming the labels provided were correct and could be used.

Now, I can comfortably describe or introduce myself as a Machine Learning Engineer and as the legend goes learning is an everyday process.

Big thank you to all collaborators who made this project a success.

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box_shadow_positionouter
box_shadow_style_buttonnone
box_shadow_color_buttonrgba(0,0,0,0.3)
box_shadow_position_buttonouter
text_shadow_stylenone
text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
text_shadow_vertical_length0em
text_shadow_blur_strength0em
text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
disabledoff
global_colors_info{}
Bebeto Nyamwamu 

Execution time: 0.0049 seconds

ACF

ID58156
keyfield_623341caec7cf
labelName
nameblog_author_name
prefixacf
typetext
valueBebeto Nyamwamu 
parent58155
wrapperArray
_nameblog_author_name
_valid1

Module Settings

custom_identifierACF Item
acf_namefield_623341caec7cf
is_author_acf_fieldoff
post_object_acf_namenone
author_field_typeauthor_post
linked_user_acf_namenone
type_taxonomy_acf_namenone
acf_tagp
show_labeloff
label_seperator:
visibilityon
empty_value_optionhide_module
use_iconoff
icon_color#7EBEC5
use_circleoff
circle_color#7EBEC5
use_circle_borderoff
circle_border_color#7EBEC5
use_icon_font_sizeoff
icon_image_placementleft
image_mobile_stackinginitial
return_formatarray
image_link_urloff
image_link_url_acf_namenone
checkbox_stylearray
checkbox_radio_returnlabel
checkbox_radio_value_typeoff
checkbox_radio_linkoff
link_buttonoff
email_subjectnone
email_body_afternone
add_css_classoff
add_css_loop_layoutoff
add_css_class_selectorbody
link_new_tabon
link_name_acfoff
link_name_acf_namenone
url_link_iconoff
image_sizefull
true_false_conditionoff
true_false_condition_css_selector.et_pb_button
true_false_text_trueTrue
true_false_text_falseFalse
is_audiooff
is_videooff
video_loopon
video_autoplayon
is_oembed_videooff
defer_videooff
defer_video_iconI||divi||400
video_icon_font_sizeoff
pretify_textoff
pretify_seperator,
number_decimal.
show_value_if_zerooff
text_imageoff
is_options_pageoff
is_repeater_loop_layoutoff
linked_post_stylecustom
link_post_seperator,
link_to_post_objecton
loop_layoutnone
columns4
columns_tablet2
columns_mobile1
repeater_dyn_btn_acfnone
text_before_positionsame_line
label_positionsame_line
vertical_alignmentmiddle
admin_labelName
_builder_version4.21.0
_module_presetdefault
title_css_text_alignleft
title_css_font_size14px
title_css_letter_spacing0px
title_css_line_height1em
acf_label_css_text_alignleft
acf_label_css_font_size14px
acf_label_css_letter_spacing0px
acf_label_css_line_height1em
label_css_fontRoboto|700|||||||
label_css_text_alignleft
label_css_letter_spacing0px
text_before_css_font_size14px
text_before_css_letter_spacing0px
text_before_css_line_height1em
seperator_font_size14px
seperator_letter_spacing0px
seperator_line_height1em
relational_field_item_font_size14px
relational_field_item_letter_spacing0px
relational_field_item_line_height1em
background_enable_coloron
use_background_color_gradientoff
background_color_gradient_repeatoff
background_color_gradient_typelinear
background_color_gradient_direction180deg
background_color_gradient_direction_radialcenter
background_color_gradient_stops#2b87da 0%|#29c4a9 100%
background_color_gradient_unit%
background_color_gradient_overlays_imageoff
background_color_gradient_start#2b87da
background_color_gradient_start_position0%
background_color_gradient_end#29c4a9
background_color_gradient_end_position100%
background_enable_imageon
parallaxoff
parallax_methodon
background_sizecover
background_image_widthauto
background_image_heightauto
background_positioncenter
background_horizontal_offset0
background_vertical_offset0
background_repeatno-repeat
background_blendnormal
background_enable_video_mp4on
background_enable_video_webmon
allow_player_pauseoff
background_video_pause_outside_viewporton
background_enable_pattern_styleoff
background_pattern_stylepolka-dots
background_pattern_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.2)
background_pattern_sizeinitial
background_pattern_widthauto
background_pattern_heightauto
background_pattern_repeat_origintop_left
background_pattern_horizontal_offset0
background_pattern_vertical_offset0
background_pattern_repeatrepeat
background_pattern_blend_modenormal
background_enable_mask_styleoff
background_mask_stylelayer-blob
background_mask_color#ffffff
background_mask_aspect_ratiolandscape
background_mask_sizestretch
background_mask_widthauto
background_mask_heightauto
background_mask_positioncenter
background_mask_horizontal_offset0
background_mask_vertical_offset0
background_mask_blend_modenormal
custom_buttonoff
button_text_size20
button_bg_use_color_gradientoff
button_bg_color_gradient_repeatoff
button_bg_color_gradient_typelinear
button_bg_color_gradient_direction180deg
button_bg_color_gradient_direction_radialcenter
button_bg_color_gradient_stops#2b87da 0%|#29c4a9 100%
button_bg_color_gradient_unit%
button_bg_color_gradient_overlays_imageoff
button_bg_color_gradient_start#2b87da
button_bg_color_gradient_start_position0%
button_bg_color_gradient_end#29c4a9
button_bg_color_gradient_end_position100%
button_bg_enable_imageon
button_bg_parallaxoff
button_bg_parallax_methodon
button_bg_sizecover
button_bg_image_widthauto
button_bg_image_heightauto
button_bg_positioncenter
button_bg_horizontal_offset0
button_bg_vertical_offset0
button_bg_repeatno-repeat
button_bg_blendnormal
button_bg_enable_video_mp4on
button_bg_enable_video_webmon
button_bg_allow_player_pauseoff
button_bg_video_pause_outside_viewporton
button_use_iconon
button_icon_placementright
button_on_hoveron
positioningnone
position_origin_atop_left
position_origin_ftop_left
position_origin_rtop_left
text_orientationleft
widthauto
max_widthnone
module_alignmentleft
min_heightauto
heightauto
max_heightnone
custom_margin_tablet||10px||false|false
custom_margin_phone||10px||false|false
custom_margin_last_editedon|tablet
custom_padding5px||||false|false
filter_hue_rotate0deg
filter_saturate100%
filter_brightness100%
filter_contrast100%
filter_invert0%
filter_sepia0%
filter_opacity100%
filter_blur0px
mix_blend_modenormal
animation_stylenone
animation_directioncenter
animation_duration1000ms
animation_delay0ms
animation_intensity_slide50%
animation_intensity_zoom50%
animation_intensity_flip50%
animation_intensity_fold50%
animation_intensity_roll50%
animation_starting_opacity0%
animation_speed_curveease-in-out
animation_repeatonce
hover_transition_duration300ms
hover_transition_delay0ms
hover_transition_speed_curveease
link_option_url_new_windowoff
sticky_positionnone
sticky_offset_top0px
sticky_offset_bottom0px
sticky_limit_topnone
sticky_limit_bottomnone
sticky_offset_surroundingon
sticky_transitionon
motion_trigger_startmiddle
hover_enabled0
title_css_text_align_tabletcenter
title_css_text_align_phonecenter
title_css_text_align_last_editedon|phone
acf_label_css_text_align_tabletcenter
acf_label_css_text_align_phonecenter
acf_label_css_text_align_last_editedon|phone
label_css_text_align_tabletcenter
label_css_text_align_phonecenter
label_css_text_align_last_editedon|desktop
text_orientation_tabletcenter
text_orientation_phonecenter
text_orientation_last_editedon|phone
module_alignment_tabletcenter
module_alignment_phonecenter
module_alignment_last_editedon|desktop
title_css_text_shadow_stylenone
title_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
title_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
title_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
title_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
acf_label_css_text_shadow_stylenone
acf_label_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
acf_label_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
acf_label_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
acf_label_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
label_css_text_shadow_stylenone
label_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
label_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
label_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
label_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
text_before_css_text_shadow_stylenone
text_before_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
text_before_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
text_before_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
text_before_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
seperator_text_shadow_stylenone
seperator_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
seperator_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
seperator_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
seperator_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
relational_field_item_text_shadow_stylenone
relational_field_item_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
relational_field_item_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
relational_field_item_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
relational_field_item_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
button_text_shadow_stylenone
button_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
button_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
button_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
button_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
box_shadow_stylenone
box_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.3)
box_shadow_positionouter
box_shadow_style_buttonnone
box_shadow_color_buttonrgba(0,0,0,0.3)
box_shadow_position_buttonouter
text_shadow_stylenone
text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
text_shadow_vertical_length0em
text_shadow_blur_strength0em
text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
disabledoff
global_colors_info{}

Bebeto Nyamwamu 

Execution time: 0.0009 seconds

Execution time: 0.0002 seconds

ACF

ID58158
keyfield_6233420dec7d2
labelLinkedin URL
nameblog_linkedin_url
prefixacf
typeurl
valuehttps://www.linkedin.com/in/realonbebeto/
menu_order2
parent58155
wrapperArray
_nameblog_linkedin_url
_valid1

Module Settings

custom_identifierLinkedin
acf_namefield_6233420dec7d2
is_author_acf_fieldoff
post_object_acf_namenone
author_field_typeauthor_post
linked_user_acf_namenone
type_taxonomy_acf_namenone
acf_tagspan
show_labeloff
label_seperator:
visibilityon
empty_value_optionhide_module
use_iconon
font_icon||divi||400
icon_color#0d8de2
use_circleoff
circle_color#7EBEC5
use_circle_borderoff
circle_border_color#7EBEC5
use_icon_font_sizeoff
icon_image_placementleft
image_mobile_stackinginitial
return_formaturl
image_link_urloff
image_link_url_acf_namenone
checkbox_stylearray
checkbox_radio_returnlabel
checkbox_radio_value_typeoff
checkbox_radio_linkoff
link_buttonoff
email_subjectnone
email_body_afternone
add_css_classoff
add_css_loop_layoutoff
add_css_class_selectorbody
link_new_tabon
link_name_acfoff
link_name_acf_namenone
url_link_iconon
image_sizefull
true_false_conditionoff
true_false_condition_css_selector.et_pb_button
true_false_text_trueTrue
true_false_text_falseFalse
is_audiooff
is_videooff
video_loopon
video_autoplayon
is_oembed_videooff
defer_videooff
defer_video_iconI||divi||400
video_icon_font_sizeoff
pretify_textoff
pretify_seperator,
number_decimal.
show_value_if_zerooff
text_imageoff
is_options_pageoff
is_repeater_loop_layoutoff
linked_post_stylecustom
link_post_seperator,
link_to_post_objecton
loop_layoutnone
columns4
columns_tablet2
columns_mobile1
repeater_dyn_btn_acfnone
button_alignmentleft
text_before_positionsame_line
label_positionsame_line
vertical_alignmentmiddle
admin_labelLinkedin
module_classlinkedin
_builder_version4.19.5
_module_presetdefault
title_css_text_alignleft
title_css_font_size14px
title_css_letter_spacing0px
title_css_line_height1em
acf_label_css_text_alignleft
acf_label_css_font_size14px
acf_label_css_letter_spacing0px
acf_label_css_line_height1em
label_css_text_alignleft
label_css_letter_spacing0px
text_before_css_font_size14px
text_before_css_letter_spacing0px
text_before_css_line_height1em
seperator_text_alignleft
seperator_font_size14px
seperator_letter_spacing0px
seperator_line_height1em
relational_field_item_text_alignleft
relational_field_item_font_size14px
relational_field_item_letter_spacing0px
relational_field_item_line_height1em
background_enable_coloron
use_background_color_gradientoff
background_color_gradient_repeatoff
background_color_gradient_typelinear
background_color_gradient_direction180deg
background_color_gradient_direction_radialcenter
background_color_gradient_stops#2b87da 0%|#29c4a9 100%
background_color_gradient_unit%
background_color_gradient_overlays_imageoff
background_color_gradient_start#2b87da
background_color_gradient_start_position0%
background_color_gradient_end#29c4a9
background_color_gradient_end_position100%
background_enable_imageon
parallaxoff
parallax_methodon
background_sizecover
background_image_widthauto
background_image_heightauto
background_positioncenter
background_horizontal_offset0
background_vertical_offset0
background_repeatno-repeat
background_blendnormal
background_enable_video_mp4on
background_enable_video_webmon
allow_player_pauseoff
background_video_pause_outside_viewporton
background_enable_pattern_styleoff
background_pattern_stylepolka-dots
background_pattern_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.2)
background_pattern_sizeinitial
background_pattern_widthauto
background_pattern_heightauto
background_pattern_repeat_origintop_left
background_pattern_horizontal_offset0
background_pattern_vertical_offset0
background_pattern_repeatrepeat
background_pattern_blend_modenormal
background_enable_mask_styleoff
background_mask_stylelayer-blob
background_mask_color#ffffff
background_mask_aspect_ratiolandscape
background_mask_sizestretch
background_mask_widthauto
background_mask_heightauto
background_mask_positioncenter
background_mask_horizontal_offset0
background_mask_vertical_offset0
background_mask_blend_modenormal
custom_buttonon
button_text_size14px
button_bg_use_color_gradientoff
button_bg_color_gradient_repeatoff
button_bg_color_gradient_typelinear
button_bg_color_gradient_direction180deg
button_bg_color_gradient_direction_radialcenter
button_bg_color_gradient_stops#2b87da 0%|#29c4a9 100%
button_bg_color_gradient_unit%
button_bg_color_gradient_overlays_imageoff
button_bg_color_gradient_start#2b87da
button_bg_color_gradient_start_position0%
button_bg_color_gradient_end#29c4a9
button_bg_color_gradient_end_position100%
button_bg_enable_imageon
button_bg_parallaxoff
button_bg_parallax_methodon
button_bg_sizecover
button_bg_image_widthauto
button_bg_image_heightauto
button_bg_positioncenter
button_bg_horizontal_offset0
button_bg_vertical_offset0
button_bg_repeatno-repeat
button_bg_blendnormal
button_bg_enable_video_mp4on
button_bg_enable_video_webmon
button_bg_allow_player_pauseoff
button_bg_video_pause_outside_viewporton
button_border_width0px
button_use_iconoff
button_icon_placementright
button_on_hoveron
button_custom_padding0px|0px|0px|0px|true|true
positioningnone
position_origin_atop_left
position_origin_ftop_left
position_origin_rtop_left
text_orientationleft
widthauto
max_widthnone
module_alignmentleft
min_heightauto
heightauto
max_heightnone
custom_margin_tablet||10px||false|false
custom_margin_phone||10px||false|false
custom_margin_last_editedon|tablet
filter_hue_rotate0deg
filter_saturate100%
filter_brightness100%
filter_contrast100%
filter_invert0%
filter_sepia0%
filter_opacity100%
filter_blur0px
mix_blend_modenormal
animation_stylenone
animation_directioncenter
animation_duration1000ms
animation_delay0ms
animation_intensity_slide50%
animation_intensity_zoom50%
animation_intensity_flip50%
animation_intensity_fold50%
animation_intensity_roll50%
animation_starting_opacity0%
animation_speed_curveease-in-out
animation_repeatonce
hover_transition_duration300ms
hover_transition_delay0ms
hover_transition_speed_curveease
link_option_url_new_windowoff
sticky_positionnone
sticky_offset_top0px
sticky_offset_bottom0px
sticky_limit_topnone
sticky_limit_bottomnone
sticky_offset_surroundingon
sticky_transitionon
motion_trigger_startmiddle
hover_enabled0
title_css_text_align_tabletcenter
title_css_text_align_phonecenter
title_css_text_align_last_editedon|phone
acf_label_css_text_align_tabletcenter
acf_label_css_text_align_phonecenter
acf_label_css_text_align_last_editedon|tablet
label_css_text_align_tabletcenter
label_css_text_align_phonecenter
label_css_text_align_last_editedon|desktop
relational_field_item_text_align_tabletcenter
relational_field_item_text_align_phonecenter
relational_field_item_text_align_last_editedon|tablet
text_orientation_tabletcenter
text_orientation_phonecenter
text_orientation_last_editedon|phone
module_alignment_tabletcenter
module_alignment_phonecenter
module_alignment_last_editedon|desktop
custom_css_main_elementdisplay:block;
title_css_text_shadow_stylenone
title_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
title_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
title_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
title_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
acf_label_css_text_shadow_stylenone
acf_label_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
acf_label_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
acf_label_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
acf_label_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
label_css_text_shadow_stylenone
label_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
label_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
label_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
label_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
text_before_css_text_shadow_stylenone
text_before_css_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
text_before_css_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
text_before_css_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
text_before_css_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
seperator_text_shadow_stylenone
seperator_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
seperator_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
seperator_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
seperator_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
relational_field_item_text_shadow_stylenone
relational_field_item_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
relational_field_item_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
relational_field_item_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
relational_field_item_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
button_text_shadow_stylenone
button_text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
button_text_shadow_vertical_length0em
button_text_shadow_blur_strength0em
button_text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
box_shadow_stylenone
box_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.3)
box_shadow_positionouter
box_shadow_style_buttonnone
box_shadow_color_buttonrgba(0,0,0,0.3)
box_shadow_position_buttonouter
text_shadow_stylenone
text_shadow_horizontal_length0em
text_shadow_vertical_length0em
text_shadow_blur_strength0em
text_shadow_colorrgba(0,0,0,0.4)
disabledoff
global_colors_info{}
custom_css_main_element_last_editedon|phone
custom_css_main_element_tabletdisplay:block;
custom_css_main_element_phonedisplay:block;

Execution time: 0.0011 seconds

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