Omdena Chapter Page: Trieste, Italy

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Trieste, Italy

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Project Starts: 27.06.2022
Duration: 4 Weeks
Trieste, Italy Chapter – Using social media to study the phenomenon of Long Covid in Italy

 

 

 

The Background

1.Long Covid is a post-viral syndrome characterised by a prolonged, multisystem involvement and significant disability. According to a study based on a survey that involved an international cohort, the symptoms experienced by affected people are numerous and diverse (e.g. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101019). After six months from recovery the most frequent are fatigue, post-exertional malaise, and cognitive dysfunction. It can take several months for patients to recover from systemic and neurological/cognitive symptoms. There is evidence that also children are affected.

2.Countries across Europe are underestimating the potential impact of Long Covid. According to numerous scientific studies the incidence of the syndrome could be substantial :  up to more than 40 % of survivors could be affected (e. g. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiac136). The impact on the quality of life of millions of people and the burden on health systems is obvious.

3.The italian Ministry of Health  launched recently a project called CCM (https://www.iss.it/it/web/guest/long-covid-razionale) with the aim of monitoring the dimension and the clinical management of Long Covid, survey the centres assisting Long Covid patients in order to define a national network and build a dedicated information network.

 

 

The Problem

In this 4-weeks project, the goal is to leverage the Twitter Stream related to Covid-19 chatter  to better understand and characterise the Long Covid phenomenon in Italy using NLP techniques.  The publicly available dataset curated by Georgia State University https://github.com/thepanacealab/covid19_twitter collects Long Covid related  twitters in several languages.  Extracting information relevant to Italy we plan  to estimate the magnitude of the phenomenon, the most frequent symptoms, the impact on the quality of life, the ability to work and the mental health of the affected people. Possibly, we could integrate data mined from other social media like Facebook.

 

The Project Goals

 Build a dataset to help study  Long Covid in Italy

1.Hydrating available twitter dataset https://github.com/thepanacealab/covid19_twitter and extract data relevant to Italy

  1. Possibly (depending on resources)  collect Long-Covid related data from Facebook.
  2. Using NLP and sentiment analysis  to extract information on symptoms, quality of life, ability to work, psychological and mental health aspects of long haulers.
  3. Dashboard to visualise the relevant insights.e

 

The Learning Outcomes

  1. Twitter and Facebook API
  2. NLP and sentiment analysis
  3. Data collection, EDA, data cleaning
  4. Dashboard for data visualisation

 

 

The Tasks & Timeline

Week 1Week 2Week 3Week 4

Introduction to NLP and sentiment analysis

Exploration of Covid-19 Twitter Dataset

Defining search criteria : e.g. keywords, potential findings.

Data cleaning

(Other) Social networks data mining (depends on resources)

Modelling

Modelling

Evaluate tools for data visualisation

Finalise analysis  

Deploy public dashboard for data visualisation

 

Australia Chapter
Italy, Trieste Chapter Lead

Elena Andreini

My name is Elena. I am a software engineer with 10+ years of experience, a MSc in Physics and a PhD in Mathematics. I like coding in C++ and Python and to experiment with Deep Learning techniques to solve computer vision and image processing problems. Looking forward to being involved in projects that leverage AI for public utility.

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