Philippines is situated on the Ring of Fire in Western Pacific, that makes the country vulnerable in earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, typhoons, mudslides and landslides. According to the U.S. Embassy in Manila, the Philippines is one of the “most storm-exposed countries on Earth,” experiencing between 18 and 20 typhoons annually, though this number appears to be increasing over time (“Philippines Disaster Preparedness” 2021).
Many frameworks on the performance of cities generate urban profiles at the city scale, providing limited or no information on the performance of different city sub-units such as districts, wards, zones, settlements, or blocks. The transformative focus of the Agenda 2030 of Leaving no one Behind aligns with local policies of many cities, their intervention focus being the reduction of spatial inequalities.
Mapping spatial inequalities within the city guides the identification of vulnerable areas, which can be expressed on a continuous scale of vulnerability. Many forms of spatial vulnerabilities such as poor access to basic services, lack of green cover, crime and insecurity, vulnerability to disaster risks, access to opportunities, and access to cultural infrastructure among others, have statistics that can be standardized for comparison and mapped – where data is available. The individual layers of vulnerability as well as the composite layer combining the layers are useful for spatially targeted intervention by city administrators and other actors.
In extension, cities may prepare profiles for their settlements based on a set of indicators to guide city residents in understanding their settlements, and service providers in setting their intervention priorities.